step 3.dos Relationship practices
Column (1) accounts the data to the complete take to, and you will column (2) account all of them into subsample, i.e., spouses who’ve one brother plus one aunt. The fresh new sumple was reported as the by far the most quicker-means estimate that have a couple of matrimony expenses paid off towards the wife’s sisters and you will brothers from the the respective within the-legislation are only able to feel conducted into the subsample. The typical ages of husbands are 40.six age. Husbands, typically, accomplished number one training (5 years), and you can 56% of them try literate. The typical ages of spouses is actually thirty-five.8 decades. Wives, typically, didn’t done primee houses account for twenty seven% regarding full house surveyed. An average size of farming property per household are step three.24 miles, with nearly forty% off households becoming landless. Footnote eleven To possess 39% of the wives, the delivery village is the same as that of their husbands, 66% ones are married to help you a brother, and 17% are hitched when you look at the watta satta (bride-to-be replace, or virtually, “give–take”). Footnote several Each one of these was unique features of relationships within the Punjab, Pakistan. Having said that, the latest northwestern element of Asia, including Indian Punjab, has been traditionally noted for hypergamy, for which wives are y contrasts having endogamy and you may cousin y just like the two family members organizing watta satta cannot commercially to see hypergamy in the exact same go out, and they are most likely to-be on exact same personal category and economic updates. Wife’s natal family members’ family income during the time of relationships was PKR 171,695 Footnote thirteen normally. It actually was answered retrospectively by the spouse in fact it is, ergo, most likely susceptible to bear in mind mistakes like the ones that are on number of private dowry or other wedding costs, regardless of if earnings are easier for respondents so you’re able to keep in mind compared to an individual dowry composed of some activities. I followed similar work to reduce questionnaire keep in mind errors.
Table 1 Realization analytics
The original an element of the survey requires husbands about their ount. Since the dowry is famous so you can put some products that permit a young partners to begin with its marriage immediately following wedding, i asked about the worth of for every item for the dowry. The actual question is “Generally, in your community, to possess a household such as for example your personal, what’s the approximate worth of for every goods offered while the dowry at the time of the newest daughter’s marriage?” I explicitly asked about dowry because noticed in their people, or jati (= sub-caste), while the we have been trying to find the technique of dowry alone since the better as the individual amount of dowry their moms and dads paid back. Their solution to practical question about dowry in the neighborhood is probably convey precise information about dowry methods. The react you’ll statement just how much they’d purchase for each and every item if they are already in the process of delivering an effective dowry on their daughter. Anyway, the solution tends to give way more right strategies towards itemized property value dowry. Presumably, recalling every item of its personal dowries out-of decade ago would-be hard. The next part of the survey asks spouses about their private dowries or other wedding costs, we.e., “How much cash dowry (bride-to-be rate) did your parents (in-laws) render during your ounts can be used regarding main empirical study. New relationship coefficient Svensk kvinner med dating between the personal dowry count and you will community-dependent dowry amount was 0.65 (Fig. 3). Town-oriented dowry amount exceeds the personal dowry number paid down from the wives’ parents, that isn’t stunning because of the alleged increasing trend regarding actual amount of dowry.