Stigma regarding the cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis: A medical review

Stigma regarding the cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis: A medical review

Spots Conceptualization, Analysis curation, Certified investigation, Procedures, Visualization, Composing – modern draft, Composing – review & editing Affiliation Department away from Area Medicine, Professors out of Medicine and you can Allied Sciences, Rajarata School from Sri Lanka, Saliyapura, Sri Lanka ?

Jobs Conceptualization, Strategy, Oversight, Creating – remark & modifying Association Company of Community Treatments, Faculty regarding Medication and you can Allied Sciences, Rajarata College or university off Sri Lanka, Saliyapura, Sri Lanka ?

Roles Conceptualization, Investment acquisition, Methods, Supervision, Creating – comment & editing Association College of Lifetime Sciences, Keele College or university, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, British ?

Spots Conceptualization, Methodology, Oversight, Writing – comment & editing Association College out of Treatments, Keele College, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, Uk ?

Roles Conceptualization, Strategy, Oversight, Composing – comment & editing ¶ ‡ These people is combined senior people on this subject performs. Association Company of Parasitology, Professors from Treatments and you can Allied Sciences, Rajarata College of Sri Lanka, Saliyapura, Sri Lanka ?

Spots Conceptualization, Methods, Investment administration, Oversight, Writing – feedback & editing * E-mail: ¶ ‡ These types of experts try mutual older authors on this works. Affiliations Agencies out of Interior Drug, Section of Infectious Infection, Yale College or university College or university away from Drug, The fresh new Haven, Connecticut, United states, Worldwide Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic regarding Korea

  • Hasara Nuwangi,
  • Thilini Chanchala Agampodi,
  • Helen Philippa Speed,
  • Thomas Shepherd,
  • Kosala Gayan Weerakoon,
  • Suneth Buddhika Agampodi


Cutaneous (CL) and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) was parasitic problems because of parasites of one’s genus leishmania top in order to stigma for the reason that disfigurations. This study lined up to methodically opinion the size and style, dimensions measures, effects, and you will prospective interventions done to reduce the CL- and you may MCL- relevant stigma, synthesising the present day proof predicated on a recommended stigma construction.


So it scientific review implemented the new PRISMA guidance and you may was registered during the PROSPERO (ID- CRD42021274925). The fresh eligibility standards included number 1 stuff discussing stigma for the CL and MCL typed within the English, Foreign language, or Portuguese up to . An electronic browse is used inside the Medline, Embase, Scopus, PubMed, EBSCO, Online out of Technology, In the world List Medicus, Travels, and Cochrane Collection. The latest blended tips appraisal device (MMAT) was used getting high quality examining. A narrative synthesis was held so you’re able to summarize the brand new findings.


A total of 16 degree was in fact integrated. The studies statement the newest intellectual, affective, and you can behavioral responses associated with social stigma. Cognitive responses incorporated misbeliefs towards problem sign and treatment, and demise. Affective responses include thoughts for example disgust and you can guilt, usually triggered by the existence of markings. Behavioral reactions incorporated cures, discrimination, getting rejected, mockery, and you can interruptions out-of social dating. The fresh new opinion together with shows self-stigma signs, plus introduced, internalised, and you will believed stigma. Enacted stigma manifested because the traps so you can forming right social matchmaking, prevention, isolation, and you may seeing CL sores/scars given that age. Experienced stigma triggered experience of marginalisation, getting rejected, mockery, disturbances of social dating, brand new anticipation out of discrimination, concern with societal stigmatisation, and you may up against disgust. Internalised stigma inspired care about-title and you can brought about emotional stress.


There are numerous symptoms out-of stigma of this CL and you will MCL. This comment features having less degree into the structural stigma of this CL, the deficiency of stigma treatments plus the importance of a special stigma device to measure stigma for the CL and you may MCL.

Author realization

The latest stigma nearby cutaneous (CL) and you can mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) are multifaceted, related intellectual, affective, and behavioral responses particularly misunderstandings, bad thinking for example disgust and you will guilt, and discriminatory procedures. So it stigma was further perpetuated by worry about-stigmatization, with enacted, thought, and you may internalised stigma. Because of this, individuals with CL and you will MCL experience mental stress, marginalisation, rejection, trouble when you look at the building interpersonal dating, and you can increased anticipation from experiencing discrimination.

  • Published:

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